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Balsam Lake


Balsam Lake, Wisconsin
Village
Balsam Lake.jpg
Location of Balsam Lake, Wisconsin
Location of Balsam Lake, Wisconsin
Coordinates: 45°25?32?N 92°28?37?W / 45.42556°N 92.47694°W / 45.42556; -92.47694Coordinates: 45°25?32?N 92°28?37?W / 45.42556°N 92.47694°W / 45.42556; -92.47694
Country United States
State Wisconsin
County Polk
Area
 o Total 3.39 sq mi (8.78 km2)
 o Land 2.16 sq mi (5.59 km2)
 o Water 1.23 sq mi (3.19 km2)
Elevation 1,089 ft (332 m)
Population (2010)
 o Total 1,009
 o Estimate (2012 ) 985
 o Density 467.1/sq mi (180.3/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 o Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 715 & 534
FIPS code 55-04475
GNIS feature ID 1582746

History

The area in and around Balsam Lake was originally inhabited by a large band of Chippewa Indians. They referred to the area as “Innenehinduc,” which means “place of the evergreen.” This may have been due to the large amount of Canadian Yew, an evergreen shrub, which grew in abundance there.

The town was organized on January 8, 1870, and was named after the lake that lay within its borders. The first businesses included a blacksmith shop, a bank, a creamery, two sawmills, a hardware store, and a general store. Governmental buildings included a courthouse and a log schoolhouse.

Today, Balsam Lake is the home of the Polk County Government Center.

The town celebrates its history, and the history of the United States, with its annual Freedom Festival, which takes place on the Thursday through Sunday surrounding the Fourth of July.

Overview

Balsam Lake is a village in, and the county seat of, Polk County, Wisconsin, United States. The population was 1,009 at the 2010 census. The village is located within the Town of Balsam Lake.

Geography

Balsam Lake is located at 45°27?28?N 92°27?17?W / 45.45778°N 92.45472°W / 45.45778; -92.45472 (45.45805, -92.454872).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.39 square miles (8.78 km2), of which, 2.16 square miles (5.59 km2) of it is land and 1.23 square miles (3.19 km2) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,009 people, 434 households, and 257 families residing in the village. The population density was 467.1 inhabitants per square mile (180.3/km2). There were 732 housing units at an average density of 338.9 per square mile (130.9/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 94.2% White, 0.9% African American, 2.6% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 434 households of which 22.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.8% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.8% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12 and the average family size was 2.66.

The median age in the village was 45 years. 17.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.7% were from 25 to 44; 28.6% were from 45 to 64; and 21.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the village was 51.5% male and 48.5% female.

As of the census of 2000, there were 950 people, 428 households, and 264 families residing in the village. The population density was 469.1 people per square mile (180.7/km²). There were 673 housing units at an average density of 332.3 per square mile (128.0/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.00% White, 2.95% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, and 0.63% from two or more races. 0.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 428 households out of which 20.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.62.

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